China Travel News
The Zhuang Ethnic Minority
Update: 5/16/2012   Source: China Daily

The Zhuang Ethnic Minority

The Zhuang ethnic minority, the largest minority group in China, has a population of 16,178,811 approaches that of Australia. Most of Zhuang people live in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, in the southwest of China.

While most Zhuang communities concentrate in a compact area in Guangxi, the others are scattered over places shared by other ethnic groups such as Han, Yao, Miao, Dong, Mulao, Maonan and Shui.

Limestone is widely distributed in Guangxi, which is known around the world for its karst topography. Many rock peaks rise straight up from the ground, and the peaks hide numerous fascinating grottoes and subterranean rivers. Guilin, one of the most famous tourism destinations in Guangxi, is an excellent example of such landscape. There is a saying: "The landscape at Guilin is the best on earth; and the landscape at Yangshuo is the best in Guilin."

The Zhuang area enjoys a mild climate with an average annual temperature of 20 degrees centigrade, being warm in winter and sweltering in summer in the south. Plants are always green, blossoming in all seasons. Abundant rainfall nurtures tropical and subtropical crops such as rice, yam, corn, sugar cane, banana, longan, litchi, pineapple, shaddock and mango. The mountains in southwest and northwest Guangxi abound in Liuzhou fir, silver fir and camphor trees, rare elsewhere. Mineral resources include iron, coal, wolfram, gold, copper, tin, manganese, aluminum, stibium, zinc and petroleum. The area is also rich in tung oil, tea, tea oil, mushroom, Chinese cinnamon, pseudo-ginseng, Chinese gecko (used in traditional Chinese medicine to help regain vitality), fennal and fennal essence. The last four items are the Zhuang area's special products.

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