Confucius Temple Travel Guide
Situated on the north bank of the Qin Huai River, consisting of 3 architectural complexes, the Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao) was originally built in 1034. It was a place to worship and consecrate Confucius, the great philosopher and educator of ancient China.
The Confucius Temple has been damaged and rebuilt repeatedly. What you see here today are newly restored, late Qing Dynasty structures or wholly new buildings reconstructed in traditional style. The main temple is behind the small square in front of the canal.
Across from the Confucius Temple complex to the east is the Imperial Examinations History Museum, which is a recent reconstruction of the building where scholars once spent months or years in tiny cells studying Confucian classics in preparation for civil service examinations.
The original building expanded to be a complex building in the architectural style of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, including the Confucius Temple itself, the Jiangnan Gongyuan (the place of imperial examinations) and the Xue Gong (the Imperial Academy). In front of the Confucius Temple, the Qin Huai River is flowing. On the south bank of the river, there is the longest screen wall in China which is 110-meter-long (about 120 yards) and piled with bricks. Today, the entire area around the temple consists of a series of tourist shops, snack bars, restaurants and entertainment arcades all done up in "Ming" and "Qing" style architecture. They are necessary parts of food culture in Nanjing. The area is great fun and a very pleasant part of the city to walk around.
Confucius Temple has been the center of culture, commerce and life for the citizens of the city since then.
It is particularly interesting in the evenings when a lively street market sets up in the district, and locals and tourists take part in the bargain hunting!
Today, the area surrounding Confucian Temple has become Nanjing´s main amusement quarter and is a particularly, lively and crowded place on weekends and public holidays with restaurant and rows upon rows of souvenirshops.
Bus No. 1, 7, 31, 40, 301 Tourism Bus No. 2 and 4 can take you to the Confucius Temple.
Recommended time for a visit: two hours.