The museum is situated at the east bank of the Chang River and in the north of Banpo Village on the eastern outskirts of Xian City, which was built on the Banpo Site in 1957 and formally opened to the public in 1958.
It is the State key cultural object under protection. Banpo Site is a comparatively integrated commune village site rather typical of the matriarchy (a Neolithic site of the Yangshao Culture at Banpo Village on the eastern outskirts of Xian) in the Yellow River Valley that was about 6000 years ago.
Banpo had about 500 people lived in the village. Visitors today can see the remains of 45 houses, 2 stables, more than 200 cellars, 6 kilns, and about 250 graves.
The first Exhibition Hall is about the unearthed relic exhibitions consisting of the First Hall and the Second Hall. The showpieces in these two halls are primarily production tools and domestic tools used by the primitive Banpo people thousands of years ago.
The second Exhibition Hall is primarily used for auxiliary exhibitions and it contains two halls. Special shows are held here on ethnology, folklore and the history of art related to the prehistoric culture. The Site Hall is about 3,000 square meters (about 0.7 acre) and contains residential, pottery making and burial section.
Banpo Neolithic Village Museum is an extension of the museum based on archeological findings. The entire village enriches the cultural connotation of the museum and carries forward the long and splendid history of China at the same time.
Banpo Neolithic Village Museum is of enormous importance for Chinese archaeological studies, though as a tourist site it get mixed reports.