Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses are around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang´s Mausoleum, Lintong County, Shaanxi Province.
Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of all China, begun to work for his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life.
The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. The largest Pit(Pit 1) is the most imposing. Some 6000 warriors and horses stand here in rectangular battle array, facing east. The vanguard of three rows of archers(both crossbow and longbow) is followed by the main force of soldiers, who originally held spears, swords, dagger-axes and other long-shaft weapons.
Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. And they are The Eighth World´s Wonder.
The small figures are all different; with their horses, chariots and weapons, they are masterpieces of realism and also of great historical interest. It is hard to imagine, after all, that a subterranean life-size army of thousands has silently stood guard over the soul of China´s first unifier for over two millennia.